Particle physics in the world

Taking a closer look at LHC

The Galician Institute of High Energy Physics (IGFAE) is a joint research institute of the University of Santiago de Compostela (USC) and the Autonomous Regional Government of Galicia (Xunta de Galicia). including both their more basic experimental and theoretical aspects, aimed to the understanding of the structure of matter and of the Universe, and their applications, including advanced scientific instrumentation, GRID technologies, microelectronics, solar energy, etc.  TheExperimental High Energy Physics Group is a part of IGFAE

The Institute for High Energy Physics (IFAE) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), conducts experimental and theoretical research at the frontiers of fundamental physics, namely in Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology.

The Instituto de Física de Cantabria is a joint research centre of de Spanish Council for Scientific Resarch (CSIC) and the University of Cantabria (UC). The aim fo the Institute is to do research in “basic science” related to Astrophysics and Structure of Matter.

The Institute for Corpuscular Physics is a CSIC and University of Valencia joint center dedicated to experimental and theoretical research in the fields of particle physics, nuclear physics, cosmology, astroparticles and medical physics.

The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) is the largest public research organisation in Spain. Dependent of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, the CSIC is multidisciplinary and carries out research in many science fields through its more than 100 centers around Spain.

The CIEMAT, an Organism of the Ministry of Education and Science, is a Public Research Agency for excellence in energy and environment, as well as in many vanguard technologies and in various areas of fundamental research.

BINP, Russia
The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics is a major centre for nuclear physics research in Russia. It is also host to the Siberian Synchrotron Radiation Centre.

The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a large, multi-disciplinary research centre. It is host to the RHIC heavy-ion collider.

The Council for the Central Laboratory for the Research Councils (CCLRC) operates the Rutherford Appleton and Daresbury laboratories, which provide a UK focus for particle physics, accelerator science and light sources.

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) operates the world’s largest particle physics research centre. W and Z particles were discovered at CERN, and the centre is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web. Since 2008, the LHC, its biggest accelerator, is the world’s highest energy particle collider.

Cornell University is host to the CESR electron-positron collider, and is an important centre for accelerator R&D.

DAPNIA, France
The DAPNIA laboratory is dedicated to research into the fundamental laws of the Universe. Its research portfolio includes astrophysics, particle physics and nuclear physics.

DESY, Germany
The German Electron Synchrotron (DESY) is one of the world’s leading accelerator centres. It is a national research centre with locations in Hamburg and Zeuthen, near Berlin. It is host to the HERA collider, and is an important centre for light source research.

The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  (FNAL) is the home of the Tevatron, the second world’s most powerful particle accelerator. It is the scene of important discoveries, including that of the top quark.

IHEP, China
The Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) is the largest and most comprehensive fundamental research centre in China. The major research fi elds of IHEP are particle physics, accelerator physics and their associated technologies and applications.

IHEP, Russia
The State Research Centre of the Russian Federation Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), Moscow, is one of the leading Russian centres for particle physics.

Based in Dubna, Russia, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1956, with currently 18 member states. Its mission is to study the fundamental properties of matter.

KEK, Japan
Japan’s high energy accelerator research organization (KEK) is host to the BELLE experiment, and is an important centre for accelerator R&D.

LAL, France
The Linear Accelerator Laboratory (LAL) near Paris has a 50 year tradition at the frontier of research. Its main area of research is particle physics, complemented by a strong engagement with cosmology and astrophysics.

LNF, Italy
The Frascati laboratory (LNF) near Rome is home to DAFNE, a high-intensity electron- positron collider allowing precision studies to be made.

LNGS, Italy 
The Gran Sasso laboratory (LNGS) is the world’s largest deep underground laboratory for experimental particle physics and nuclear astrophysics.

PSI, Swiss
The Paul Scherrer Institute, home to the Swiss Light Source, is also a base for particle physics.

The Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, operated by the Council for the Central Laboratory for the Research Councils (CCLRC), is a focus for particle physics and host to the Diamond light source.

The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is the host to the BaBar experiment, and is an important centre for light-source science.

TRIUMF, Canada
The TRIUMF laboratory in Vancouver is Canada’s national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics.



Xabier Cid Vidal, PhD in experimental Particle Physics for Santiago University (USC). Research Fellow in experimental Particle Physics at CERN from January 2013 to Decembre 2015. He was until 2022 linked to the Department of Particle Physics of the USC as a "Juan de La Cierva", "Ramon y Cajal" fellow (Spanish Postdoctoral Senior Grants), and Associate Professor. Since 2023 is Senior Lecturer in that Department.(ORCID).

Ramon Cid Manzano, until his retirement in 2020 was secondary school Physics Teacher at IES de SAR (Santiago - Spain), and part-time Lecturer (Profesor Asociado) in Faculty of Education at the University of Santiago (Spain). He has a Degree in Physics and a Degree in Chemistry, and he is PhD for Santiago University (USC) (ORCID).



CERN Directory

CERN Experimental Program

Theoretical physics (TH)

CERN Experimental Physics Department

CERN Scientific Committees

CERN Structure

CERN and the Environment



Detector CMS

Detector ATLAS

Detector ALICE

Detector LHCb

Detector TOTEM

Detector LHCf

Detector MoEDAL

Detector FASER

Detector SND@LHC



 For the bibliography used when writing this Section please go to the References Section

© Xabier Cid Vidal & Ramon Cid -  | SANTIAGO (SPAIN) |