Taking a closer look at LHC
|The TOTEM (Total Cross Section, Elastic Scattering and Diffraction Dissociation) experiment measures the total pp cross-section and study elastic and diffractive scattering at the LHC.|
Modest in size, TOTEM is installed near the point where protons collide in the center of the CMS detector. It uses silicon sensors installed in the LHC tunnel approximately 200 meters away from CMS.
The experiment measures particles scattering at very small angles from the LHC's proton-proton collisions, allowing scientists to study physical processes that can’t be studied by the other LHC experiments, such as how the shape and size of a proton varies with energy.TOTEM scientists will study inelastic proton-proton collisions in which one proton survives and the other disintegrates and produces "debris" that continues traveling forward. They will also measure elastic collisions in which both protons survive and only slightly deflect each other.
The TOTEM experiment uses three detector types: Roman Pots with microstrip silicon detectors used to detect protons; and Cathode Strip Chambers and GEM Detectors that will measure the jets of forward-going particles that emerge from collisions when the protons break apart.
The TOTEM collaboration comprises some 80 physicists from 11 universities and labs in 8 countries.
Xabier Cid Vidal, PhD in experimental Particle Physics for Santiago University (USC). Research Fellow in experimental Particle Physics at CERN from January 2013 to Decembre 2015. Currently, he is in USC Particle Physics Department ("Ramon y Cajal", Spanish Postdoctoral Senior Grants).
Ramon Cid Manzano, secondary school Physics Teacher at IES de SAR (Santiago - Spain), and part-time Lecturer (Profesor Asociado) in Faculty of Education at the University of Santiago (Spain). He has a Degree in Physics and in Chemistry, and is PhD for Santiago University (USC).
CERN and the Environment
For the bibliography used when writing this Section please go to the References Section
© Xabier Cid Vidal & Ramon Cid - firstname.lastname@example.org | SANTIAGO (SPAIN) |