Taking a closer look at LHC
This is a list of Physicists Nobel Laureates who were awarded for investigations regarding to Particle Physics. (Nobelprize.org).
Joseph John Thomson (1856-1940)
"in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"
Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937)
(Laureate in Chemistry)
"for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances"
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947)
"in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta"
Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
"for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"
Robert Andrews Millikan (1868-1953)
"for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869-1959)
"for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"
Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-1976)
"for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"
Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)
Paul M.A. Dirac (1902-1984)
"for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"
James Chadwick (1891-1974)
"for the discovery of the neutron"
Carl David Anderson (1905-1991)
"for his discovery of the positron"
Enrico Fermi (1901-1954)
"for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"
Ernest Orlando Lawrence ( 1901-1958)
"for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements"
Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958)
"for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle"
Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett (1897-1974)
"for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation"
Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981)
"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"
Cecil Frank Powell (1903-1969)
"for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method"
John Cockcroft (1897-1967)
Ernest Walton (1903-1995)
"for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles"
Chen Ning Yang (1922- )
Tsung-Dao Lee (1926- )
"for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles"
Donald Arthur Glaser (1926- )
"for the invention of the bubble chamber"
"for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"
Eugene Paul Wigner
"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"
S. Tomonaga (1906-1979)
Julian Schwinger (1918-1994)
Richard P. Feynman (1918-1988)
"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"
Luis Walter Alvarez (1911-1988)
"for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis"
Murray Gell-Mann (1929- )
"for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"
Burton Richter (1931- )
Samuel Chao Ch.Ting (1936- )
"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"
Sheldon L. Glashow (1932- )
Abdus Salam (1926-1996)
Steven Weinberg (1933- )
"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"
James Watson Cronin (1931-) Val Logsdon Fitch(1923-)
"for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"
Carlo Rubbia (1934- )
Simon van der Meer (1925- )
"for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction"
Leon. M. Lederman (1922- )
Melvin Schwartz (1932-2006)
Jack Steinberger (1921- )
"for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino"
J. I. Friedman (1930- )
Henry W. Kendall (1926-1999)
Richard E. Taylor (1929- )
"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"
Georges Charpak (1924- )
"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"
Martin L. Perl (1927- )
Frederick Reines (1918-1998)
"for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics"
Gerardus 't Hooft (1946- )
Martinus J.G Veltman (1931-)
"for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics"
Raymond Davis (1914-2006)
Masatoshi Koshiba (1926-)
"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
David Jonathan Gross (1941-)
H. David Politzer (1949-)
Frank Wilczek (1951-)
"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"
Yoichiro Nambú (1921-)
Makoto Kobayashi (1944 - )
Toshihide Maskawa (1940 - )
"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics" and "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"
François Englert (1932 -)
Peter W. Higgs (1929 - )
"For the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".
Takaaki Kajita (1959 - )
Arthur B. McDonald (1943 - )
“For the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass”
It can be also considered related to AstroParticle Physics the follow Nobel Laureates:
- Victor Franz Hess (1936) "for his discovery of cosmic radiation".
- Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson (1978) "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation".
- John C. Mather and George F. Smoot (2006) "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation".
An related to Suporconductivity -very present in LHC- must be mentioned:
- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1913) " for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium".
- Lev Davidovich Landau (1962) "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium".
- John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer (1972) "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"
- Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Leggett (2003) "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids".
Xabier Cid Vidal, PhD in experimental Particle Physics for Santiago University (USC). Research Fellow in experimental Particle Physics at CERN from January 2013 to Decembre 2015. Currently, he is in USC Particle Physics Department ("Ramon y Cajal", Spanish Postdoctoral Senior Grants).
Ramon Cid Manzano, secondary school Physics Teacher at IES de SAR (Santiago - Spain), and part-time Lecturer (Profesor Asociado) in Faculty of Education at the University of Santiago (Spain). He has a Degree in Physics and in Chemistry, and is PhD for Santiago University (USC).
CERN and the Environment
For the bibliography used when writing this Section please go to the References Section