LHC Parameters

Taking a closer look at LHC

Some of the more important parameters.

  • Particles used: Protons (in proton- proton collisions) and heavy ions (Lead 82+)
  • Circumference: 26659 m.
  • Injected beam energy: 450 GeV (protons)
  • Nominal beam energy in physics: 7 TeV (protons)
  • Magnetic field at 7 TeV: 8.33 Tesla
  • Operating temperature: 1.9 K
  • Number of magnets: ~9300
  • Number of main dipoles: 1232
  • Number of quadrupoles: 858
  • Number of correcting magnets: 6208
  • Number of RF cavities: 8 per beam; Field strength at top energy ≈ 5 MV/m
  • RF frequency: 400 MHz
  • Revolution frequency: 11.2455 kHz.
  • Power consumption: ~180 MW
  • Gradient of the tunnel: 1.4%
  • Difference between highest and lowest points: 122 m.

See more data... 


Xabier Cid Vidal, PhD in experimental Particle Physics for Santiago University (USC). Research Fellow in experimental Particle Physics at CERN from January 2013 to Decembre 2015. Currently, he is in USC Particle Physics Department (Spanish Postdoctoral Junior Grants Programme).

Ramon Cid Manzano, secondary school Physics Teacher at IES de SAR (Santiago - Spain), and part-time Lecturer (Profesor Asociado) in Faculty of Education at the University of Santiago (Spain). He has a Degree in Physics and in Chemistry, and is PhD for Santiago University (USC).



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 For the bibliography used when writing this Section please go to the References Section

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